PEAT AND ITS USES,
FERTILIZER AND FUEL.
SAMUEL W. JOHNSON, A. M.,
PROFESSOR OF ANALYTICAL
AND AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY, YALE COLLEGE.
ORANGE JUDD & COMPANY.
1. What is Peat?
general term Peat, we understand the organic matter or
vegetable soil of bogs, swamps, beaver-meadows and
consists of substances that have resulted from the decay
of many generations of aquatic or marsh plants, as
mosses, sedges, coarse grasses, and a great variety of
shrubs, mixed with more or less mineral substances,
derived from these plants, or in many cases blown or
washed in from the surrounding lands.
conditions under which Peat is formed.
country the production of Peat from fallen and decaying
plants, depends upon the presence of so much water as to
cover or saturate the vegetable matters, and thereby
hinder the full access of air. Saturation with water
also has the effect to maintain the decaying matters
a low temperature, and by these two causes in
combination, the process of decay is made to proceed
with great slowness........................