THE INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC SERIES.

 

FUNGI:

THEIR


NATURE AND USES.

BY
M. C. COOKE, M.A., LL.D.

EDITED BY
The Rev. M. J. BERKELEY, M.A., F.L.S.




NEW YORK:
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,
549 AND 551 BROADWAY.

The most casual observer of Nature recognizes in almost every instance that comes under his notice in every-day life, without the aid of logical definition, the broad distinctions between an animal, a plant, and a stone. To him, the old definition that an animal is possessed of life and locomotion, a plant of life without locomotion, and a mineral deficient in both, seems to be sufficient, until some day he travels beyond the circuit of diurnal routine, and encounters a sponge or a zoophyte, which possesses only one of his supposed attributes of animal life, but which he is assured is nevertheless a member of the animal kingdom. Such an encounter usually perplexes the neophyte at first, but rather than confess his generalizations to have been too gross, he will tenaciously contend that the sponge must be a plant, until the evidence produced is so strong that he is compelled to desert his position, and seek refuge in the declaration that one kingdom runs into the other so ............

 

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